Mapper

The mapper generates the boilerplate to execute queries and convert the results into application-level objects.

It is published as two artifacts:

  • the java-driver-mapper-processor module is only needed in the compile classpath, your application doesn’t need to depend on it at runtime.

    <dependency>
      <groupId>com.datastax.oss</groupId>
      <artifactId>java-driver-mapper-processor</artifactId>
      <version>4.1.0</version>
    </dependency>
    

    See Configuring the annotation processor for detailed instructions for different build tools.

  • the java-driver-mapper-runtime module is a regular runtime dependency:

    <dependency>
      <groupId>com.datastax.oss</groupId>
      <artifactId>java-driver-mapper-runtime</artifactId>
      <version>4.1.0</version>
    </dependency>
    

Quick start

For a quick overview of mapper features, we are going to build a trivial example based on the following schema:

CREATE KEYSPACE inventory
WITH replication = {'class': 'SimpleStrategy', 'replication_factor': 1};

CREATE TABLE inventory.product(id uuid PRIMARY KEY, description text);

Entity class

This is a simple data container that will represent a row in the product table:

import com.datastax.oss.driver.api.mapper.annotations.Entity;
import com.datastax.oss.driver.api.mapper.annotations.PartitionKey;

@Entity
public class Product {

  @PartitionKey private UUID id;
  private String description;

  public Product() {}

  public Product(UUID id, String description) {
    this.id = id;
    this.description = description;
  }  

  public UUID getId() { return id; }

  public void setId(UUID id) { this.id = id; }

  public String getDescription() { return description; }

  public void setDescription(String description) { this.description = description; }
}

Entity classes must have a no-arg constructor; note that, because we also have a constructor that takes all the fields, we have to define the no-arg constructor explicitly.

We use mapper annotations to mark the class as an entity, and indicate which field(s) correspond to the primary key.

More annotations are available; for more details, see Entities.

DAO interface

A DAO defines a set of query methods:

import com.datastax.oss.driver.api.mapper.annotations.Dao;
import com.datastax.oss.driver.api.mapper.annotations.Delete;
import com.datastax.oss.driver.api.mapper.annotations.Insert;
import com.datastax.oss.driver.api.mapper.annotations.Select;

@Dao
public interface ProductDao {
  @Select
  Product findById(UUID productId);

  @Insert
  void save(Product product);

  @Delete
  void delete(Product product);
}

Again, mapper annotations are used to mark the interface, and indicate what kind of request each method should execute. You can probably guess what they are in this example.

For the full list of available query types, see DAOs.

Mapper interface

This is the top-level entry point to mapper features, that allows you to obtain DAO instances:

import com.datastax.oss.driver.api.mapper.annotations.DaoFactory;
import com.datastax.oss.driver.api.mapper.annotations.DaoKeyspace;
import com.datastax.oss.driver.api.mapper.annotations.Mapper;

@Mapper
public interface InventoryMapper {
  @DaoFactory
  ProductDao productDao(@DaoKeyspace CqlIdentifier keyspace);
}

For more details, see Mapper.

Generating the code

The mapper uses annotation processing: it hooks into the Java compiler to analyze annotations, and generate additional classes that implement the mapping logic. Annotation processing is a common technique in modern frameworks, and is generally well supported by build tools and IDEs; this is covered in detail in Configuring the annotation processor.

Pay attention to the compiler output: the mapper processor will sometimes generate warnings if annotations are used incorrectly.

Using the generated code

One of the classes generated during annotation processing is InventoryMapperBuilder. It allows you to initialize a mapper instance by wrapping a core driver session:

CqlSession session = CqlSession.builder().build();
InventoryMapper inventoryMapper = new InventoryMapperBuilder(session).build();

The mapper should have the same lifecycle as the session in your application: created once at initialization time, then reused. It is thread-safe.

From the mapper, you can then obtain a DAO instance and execute queries:

ProductDao dao = inventoryMapper.productDao(CqlIdentifier.fromCql("inventory"));
dao.save(new Product(UUID.randomUUID(), "Mechanical keyboard"));

Logging

The code generated by the mapper includes logs. They are issued with SLF4J, and can be configured the same way as the core driver logs.

They can help you figure out which queries the mapper is generating under the hood, for example:

DEBUG ProductDaoImpl__MapperGenerated - [s0] Initializing new instance for keyspace = ks_0 and table = null
DEBUG ProductHelper__MapperGenerated - [s0] Entity Product will be mapped to ks_0.product
DEBUG ProductDaoImpl__MapperGenerated - [s0] Preparing query
      `SELECT id,description,dimensions FROM ks_0.product WHERE id=:id`
      for method findById(java.util.UUID)

You can decide which logs to enable using the standard SLF4J mechanisms (categories and levels). In addition, if you want no logs at all, it’s possible to entirely remove them from the generated code with the Java compiler option -Acom.datastax.oss.driver.mapper.logs.enabled=false.