Given a list of objects, return the ones that do are not listed.


without(object, ...)
Table 1. Legend
Syntax conventions Description
Lowercase and uppercase Literal keyword. Includes ().
Italics Variable value. Replace with a user-defined value.
[] Optional. Square brackets ( [] ) surround optional command arguments. Do not type the square brackets.
{} Group. Braces ( {} ) identify a group to choose from. Do not type the braces.
| Or. A vertical bar ( | ) separates alternative elements. Type any one of the elements. Do not type the vertical bar.
... Repeatable. An ellipsis ( ... ) indicates that you can repeat the syntax element as often as required.


The without() predicate answers the question: Is the incoming object not in the array of provided objects?


Get all the vertices (including recipes, books, etc.) that do not have the specified user-defined vertex ids:
g.V().has(id, without("{~label=person, personId=1}", "{~label=person, personId=2}"))