Metrics

The driver exposes measurements of its internal behavior through the popular Dropwizard Metrics library. Developers can access these metrics and choose to export them to a monitoring tool.

The driver depends on Metrics 3.2.x, but is compatible with newer versions of Dropwizard Metrics. For using Metrics 4.x with the driver, see Metrics 4 Compatibility.

Structure

Metric names are path-like, dot-separated strings. Metrics are measured at the Cluster-level, thus the driver prefixes them with the name of the Cluster they are associated with (see withClusterName for how to configure this), suffixed by -metrics. For example:

cluster1-metrics.connected-to
cluster1-metrics.connection-errors
...

Configuration

By default, metrics are enabled and exposed via JMX as MXBeans.

Some users may find that they don’t want the driver to record and expose metrics. To disable metrics collection, use the withoutMetrics builder method, i.e.:

DseCluster cluster = DseCluster.builder()
        .withoutMetrics()
        .build();

Note that if you decide to disable metrics, you may also consider excluding metrics as a dependency. To do this in a maven project:

<dependency>
  <groupId>com.datastax.dse</groupId>
  <artifactId>dse-java-driver-core</artifactId>
  <version>1.8.1</version>
  <exclusions>
    <exclusion>
      <groupId>io.dropwizard.metrics</groupId>
      <artifactId>metrics-core</artifactId>
    </exclusion>
  </exclusions>
</dependency>

Alternatively, one may not want to expose metrics using JMX. Disabling JMX reporting is simple as using the withoutJMXReporting builder method, i.e.:

Cluster cluster = Cluster.builder()
        .withoutJMXReporting()
        .build();

Accessing Cluster Metrics

Cluster metrics may be accessed via the getMetrics method. The Metrics class offers direct access to all metrics recorded for the Cluster via getter methods. Refer to the Metrics javadoc for more details about the metrics offered.

It is very common for applications to record their own metrics. You can add all metrics recorded for a DseCluster to your applications’ MetricRegistry in the following manner:

MetricRegistry myRegistery = new MetricRegistry();
myRegistry.registerAll(cluster.getMetrics().getRegistry());

Registering a Custom Reporter

Dropwizard Metrics offers a variety of Reporters for exporting metrics. To enable reporting, access the DseCluster‘s metrics via the getMetrics method. For example, to enable CSV reporting every 30 seconds:

import com.codahale.metrics.*;

import java.io.File;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;

Metrics metrics = cluster.getMetrics();

CsvReporter csvReporter = CsvReporter.forRegistry(metrics.getRegistry())
        .convertDurationsTo(TimeUnit.MILLISECONDS)
        .convertRatesTo(TimeUnit.SECONDS)
        .build(new File("."));

csvReporter.start(30, TimeUnit.SECONDS);

Metrics 4 Compatibility

While the driver depends on Metrics 3.2.x, it also works with Metrics 4, with some caveats.

In Metrics 4, JMX reporting was moved to a separate module, metrics-jmx. Because of this you are likely to encounter the following exception at runtime when initializing a DseCluster:

Exception in thread "main" java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: com/codahale/metrics/JmxReporter
    at com.datastax.driver.core.Metrics.<init>(Metrics.java:103)
    at com.datastax.driver.core.Cluster$Manager.init(Cluster.java:1402)
    at com.datastax.driver.core.Cluster.init(Cluster.java:159)
    at com.datastax.driver.core.Cluster.connectAsync(Cluster.java:330)
    at com.datastax.driver.core.Cluster.connectAsync(Cluster.java:305)
    at com.datastax.durationtest.core.DurationTest.createSessions(DurationTest.java:360)
        ....
Caused by: java.lang.ClassNotFoundException: com.codahale.metrics.JmxReporter
    at java.base/jdk.internal.loader.BuiltinClassLoader.loadClass(BuiltinClassLoader.java:582)
    at java.base/jdk.internal.loader.ClassLoaders$AppClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoaders.java:185)
    at java.base/java.lang.ClassLoader.loadClass(ClassLoader.java:496)
    ... 8 more

To fix this, use withoutJMXReporting when constructing your DseCluster. If you still desire JMX reporting, add metrics-jmx as a dependency:

<dependency>
  <groupId>io.dropwizard.metrics</groupId>
  <artifactId>metrics-jmx</artifactId>
  <version>4.0.2</version>
</dependency>

Then create your DseCluster and JmxReporter in the following manner:

DseCluster cluster = DseCluster.builder()
        .withoutJMXReporting()
        .build();

JmxReporter reporter =
    JmxReporter.forRegistry(cluster.getMetrics().getRegistry())
        .inDomain(cluster.getClusterName() + "-metrics")
        .build();

reporter.start();