Enabling SNMP alerts 

Enable and configure SNMP alerts in the snmp.conf file located in the event-plugins directory.

Enable and configure SNMP alerts in the config_location/event-plugins/snmp.conf file.

Multiple instances of the snmp.conf file results in multiple instances of an event plugin. The SNMP configuration file can have any name provided the file has the .conf file extension, contains the valid event plugin identifier [snmp], and resides in the event-plugins directory location. All configuration files are loaded, so differentiate the file names such as snmp1.conf, snmp2.conf, and so on. Multiple plugin instances facilitate flexibility when setting up alerts to SNMP targets for development and production clusters. All OpsCenter event plugins support multiple configurations files and subsequent plugin instances.

Prerequisites

Import the OpsCenter MIB (DATASTAX-OPSCALERT-MIB.txt) located in the event-plugins directory into the infrastructure monitoring application of choice, such as a Nagios application. The MIB is a formal specification of the fields within OpsCenter traps. Installing the MIB is mandatory for using the SNMP traps effectively; without doing so, the field titles will not render properly. Refer to the installation and configuration instructions provided by the application vendor.

Procedure

  1. In a terminal, open snmp.conf for editing.
  2. Enable the SNMP plugin for sending traps.
    [snmp]
    enabled=1
  3. Optional: The engine ID that uniquely identifies the SNMP engine is commented out by default. By default, if the engine_id is unset, OpsCenter creates a local engine ID based on the local IP address. If you prefer to manually set the engine_id, uncomment the engine_id. Change the last four octets (01:02:03:04) of the engine_id string to a unique octet string for each OpsCenter installation.
    [snmp]
    ...
    engine_id=80:00:00:00:05:50:60:70:80
  4. For the target_ip, enter the IPv4 address of the SNMP receiver.
  5. If you do not want to accept the remaining default configuration values, consult the following table for assistance with completing the fields relevant to each of your OpsCenter installations:
    SNMP configuration fields
    SNMP configuration options Description
    enabled Enables (1) or disables (0) the SNMP plugin instance. Default: 0 (disabled).
    levels Comma-delimited list of event severities that the SNMP plugin should fire for. If not specified, all levels are listened for by default. Available options:
    • DEBUG
    • INFO
    • WARN
    • ERROR
    • CRITICAL
    • ALERT
    clusters Comma-delimited list of cluster names that the plugin should fire for. If no cluster is specified, the alert is called for events on all clusters by default.
    engine_id SNMP engine ID that uniquely identifies the SNMP engine. The last four octets of the ID (01:02:03:04 by default) must be unique between multiple OpsCenter installations. Default: 80:00:00:00:05:01:02:03:04 for the Octets default format scheme. SNMP version is not relevant to this setting. For more details on SNMP management, see RFC3411.
    Format Schemes The fifth octet in the engine_id determines the format scheme that specifies the nature of the remaining trailing octets. Available format schemes:
    • 01: IPv4 Address scheme
    • 02: IPv6 Address scheme
    • 03: MAC Address scheme
    • 04: Text Address scheme
    • 05: Octets scheme (default)
    target_ip IPv4 address of the SNMP trap target. Default: 127.0.0.1
    Note: Only IPv4 is supported at this time.
    target_port Listening port on the SNMP manager to receive SNMP traps. Default: 162.
    use_snmpv3 When set to 1, this SNMP plugin instance will use the SNMPv3 configuration options (username, auth_protocol, auth_key, privacy_protocol, privacy_key) with SNMP authentication. When set to 0, this SNMP plugin instance will use the community_name with SNMPv1/2c authentication. Default: 0 (uses SNMPv1/2c).
    community_name SNMPv1/2c-specific configuration. Community name for authentication with the SNMP trap target. Default: public.
    user Username for SNMPv3 authentication. Default: opscusername.
    auth_protocol SNMPv3 authentication hashing algorithm. Specifies the authentication protocol to use with SNMPv3. Available options:
    • SHA (default)
    • MD5
    • NoAuth
    auth_key SNMPv3 authentication key. Authentication key as configured for your OpsCenter installation in your monitoring software. Default: auth1key.
    privacy_protocol SNMPv3 privacy protocol. Available standards-compliant options:
    • AES (default)
    • DES
    • NoPriv
    Available Extended Security Options (ESO) from the SNMP Research Group:
    • 3DES
    • AES192
    • AES256
    privacy_key Privacy key as configured for your OpsCenter install in your monitoring software. Default: privkey1.