Registers a trigger on a table.

Registers a trigger on a table.


CREATE TRIGGER IF NOT EXISTS trigger_name ON table_name
USING 'java_class'
Table 1. Legend
  • Uppercase means literal
  • Lowercase means not literal
  • Italics mean optional
  • The pipe (|) symbol means OR or AND/OR
  • Ellipsis (...) means repeatable

A semicolon that terminates CQL statements is not included in the synopsis.


The implementation of triggers includes the capability to register a trigger on a table using the familiar CREATE TRIGGER syntax. The Trigger API is semi-private and subject to change.
  ON myTable
  USING 'org.apache.cassandra.triggers.AuditTrigger'

In Apache Cassandra 2.1 and later, you need to enclose trigger names that use uppercase characters in double quotation marks. The logic comprising the trigger can be written in any Java (JVM) language and exists outside the database. The Java class in this example that implements the trigger is named org.apache.cassandra.triggers and defined in an Apache repository. The trigger defined on a table fires before a requested DML statement occurs to ensures the atomicity of the transaction.

Place the custom trigger code (JAR) in the install_location/conf/triggers directory on every node. The custom JAR loads at startup.

Cassandra 2.1.1 and later supports lightweight transactions for creating a trigger. Attempting to create an existing trigger returns an error unless the IF NOT EXISTS option is used. If the option is used, the statement is a no-op if the table already exists.