Designate the outgoing vertex for an addE() step.


Table 1. Legend
Syntax conventions Description
Lowercase and uppercase Literal keyword. Includes ().
Italics Variable value. Replace with a user-defined value.
[] Optional. Square brackets ( [] ) surround optional command arguments. Do not type the square brackets.
{} Group. Braces ( {} ) identify a group to choose from. Do not type the braces.
| Or. A vertical bar ( | ) separates alternative elements. Type any one of the elements. Do not type the vertical bar.
... Repeatable. An ellipsis ( ... ) indicates that you can repeat the syntax element as often as required.


The from() step is a step modulator, a helper step for another traversal step. Its main use is to designate the outgoing vertex for an addE() step. Generally, a to() step is paired with a from() step.


g.V().has('person', 'name', 'Jim Walsh').as('jim').
    V().has('person', 'name', 'Sharon Smith').as('sharon').
    addE('knows').from('jim').to('sharon').property('since', 1980)