Enables scientific calculator functionality.


Table 1. Legend
Syntax conventions Description
Lowercase and uppercase Literal keyword. Includes ().
Italics Variable value. Replace with a user-defined value.
[] Optional. Square brackets ( [] ) surround optional command arguments. Do not type the square brackets.
{} Group. Braces ( {} ) identify a group to choose from. Do not type the braces.
| Or. A vertical bar ( | ) separates alternative elements. Type any one of the elements. Do not type the vertical bar.
... Repeatable. An ellipsis ( ... ) indicates that you can repeat the syntax element as often as required.


The math() step enables scientific calculator functionality. The basic operations ( +, -, *, /, ^, and %) are available, as well as:
Function Description
abs absolute value
acos arc cosine
asin arc sine
atan arc tangent
cbrt cubic root
ceil nearest upper integer
cos cosine
cosh hyperbolic cosine
exp Euler's number raised to the power e^x
floor nearest lower integer
log natural logarithm (base e)
log10 logarithm (base 10)
log2 logarithm (base 2)
sin sine
sinh hyperbolic sine
sqrt square root
tan tangent
tanh hyperbolic tangent
signum signum function


Find the calories per meal item, then multiply by the number of servings for a meal:
Note that two by() statements are used to retrieve a particular property for each math variable used, calories for a and numServ for b.