Using multiple network interfaces 

Steps for configuring Cassandra for multiple network interfaces or when using different regions in cloud implementations.

How to configure Cassandra for multiple network interfaces or when using different regions in cloud implementations.

You must configure settings in both the cassandra.yaml file and the property file (cassandra-rackdc.properties or cassandra-topology.properties) used by the snitch.

Configuring cassandra.yaml for multiple networks or across regions in cloud implementations 

In multiple networks or cross-region cloud scenarios, communication between datacenters can only take place using an external IP address. The external IP address is defined in the cassandra.yaml file using the broadcast_address setting. Configure each node as follows:

  1. In the cassandra.yaml, set the listen_address to the private IP address of the node, and the broadcast_address to the public address of the node.

    This allows Cassandra nodes to bind to nodes in another network or region, thus enabling multiple data-center support. For intra-network or region traffic, Cassandra switches to the private IP after establishing a connection.

  2. Set the addresses of the seed nodes in the cassandra.yaml file to that of the public IP. Private IP are not routable between networks. For example:
    seeds: 50.34.16.33, 60.247.70.52
    Note: Do not make all nodes seeds, see Internode communications (gossip).
  3. Be sure that the storage_port or ssl_storage_port is open on the public IP firewall.
CAUTION:
Be sure to enable encryption and authentication when using public IPs. See Node-to-node encryption. Another option is to use a custom VPN to have local, inter-region/ datacenter IPs.

Additional cassandra.yaml configuration for non-EC2 implementations

If multiple network interfaces are used in a non-EC2 implementation, enable the listen_on_broadcast_address option.
listen_on_broadcast_address: true
In non-EC2 environments, the public address to private address routing is not automatically enabled. Enabling listen_on_broadcast_address allows Cassandra to listen on both listen_address and broadcast_address with two network interfaces.

Configuring the snitch for multiple networks 

External communication between the datacenters can only happen when using the broadcast_address (public IP).

The GossipingPropertyFileSnitch is recommended for production. The cassandra-rackdc.properties file defines the datacenters used by this snitch. Enable the option prefer_local to ensure that traffic to broadcast_address will re-route to listen_address.

For each node in the network, specify its datacenter in cassandra-rackdc.properties file.

In the example below, there are two cassandra datacenters and each datacenter is named for its workload. The datacenter naming convention in this example is based on the workload. You can use other conventions, such as DC1, DC2 or 100, 200. (datacenter names are case-sensitive.)

Network A Network B
Node and datacenter:
  • node0

    dc=DC_A_cassandra
    rack=RAC1

  • node1

    dc=DC_A_cassandra
    rack=RAC1

  • node2

    dc=DC_B_cassandra
    rack=RAC1

  • node3

    dc=DC_B_cassandra
    rack=RAC1

  • node4

    dc=DC_A_analytics
    rack=RAC1

  • node5

    dc=DC_A_search
    rack=RAC1

Node and datacenter:
  • node0

    dc=DC_A_cassandra
    rack=RAC1

  • node1

    dc=DC_A_cassandra
    rack=RAC1

  • node2

    dc=DC_B_cassandra
    rack=RAC1

  • node3

    dc=DC_B_cassandra
    rack=RAC1

  • node4

    dc=DC_A_analytics
    rack=RAC1

  • node5

    dc=DC_A_search
    rack=RAC1

Configuring the snitch for cross-region communication in cloud implementations 

Note: Be sure to use the appropriate snitch for your implementation. If deploying on Amazon EC2, see the instructions in Ec2MultiRegionSnitch.

In cloud deployments, the region name is treated as the datacenter name and availability zones are treated as racks within a datacenter. For example, if a node is in the us-east-1 region, us-east is the datacenter name and 1 is the rack location. (Racks are important for distributing replicas, but not for datacenter naming.)

In the example below, there are two cassandra datacenters and each datacenter is named for its workload. The datacenter naming convention in this example is based on the workload. You can use other conventions, such as DC1, DC2 or 100, 200. (datacenter names are case-sensitive.)

For each node, specify its datacenter in the cassandra-rackdc.properties. The dc_suffix option defines the datacenters used by the snitch. Any other lines are ignored.

Region: us-east Region: us-west
Node and datacenter:
  • node0

    dc_suffix=_1_cassandra

  • node1

    dc_suffix=_1_cassandra

  • node2

    dc_suffix=_2_cassandra

  • node3

    dc_suffix=_2_cassandra

  • node4

    dc_suffix=_1_analytics

  • node5

    dc_suffix=_1_search

This results in four us-east datacenters:
us-east_1_cassandra
us-east_2_cassandra
us-east_1_analytics
us-east_1_search
Node and datacenter:
  • node0

    dc_suffix=_1_cassandra

  • node1

    dc_suffix=_1_cassandra

  • node2

    dc_suffix=_2_cassandra

  • node3

    dc_suffix=_2_cassandra

  • node4

    dc_suffix=_1_analytics

  • node5

    dc_suffix=_1_search

This results in four us-west datacenters:
us-west_1_cassandra
us-west_2_cassandra
us-west_1_analytics
us-west_1_search
The location of the cassandra.yaml file depends on the type of installation:
DataStax Enterprise 5.0 Installer-Services and package installations /etc/dse/cassandra/cassandra.yaml
DataStax Enterprise 5.0 Installer-No Services and tarball installations install_location/resources/cassandra/conf/cassandra.yaml
Cassandra package installations /etc/cassandra/cassandra.yaml
Cassandra tarball installations install_location/resources/cassandra/conf/cassandra.yaml
The location of the cassandra-rackdc.properties file depends on the type of installation:
DataStax Enterprise 5.0 Installer-Services and package installations /etc/dse/cassandra/cassandra-rackdc.properties
DataStax Enterprise 5.0 Installer-No Services and tarball installations install_location/resources/cassandra/conf/cassandra-rackdc.properties
Cassandra package installations /etc/cassandra/cassandra-rackdc.properties
Cassandra tarball installations install_location/conf/cassandra-rackdc.properties
The location of the cassandra-topology.properties file depends on the type of installation:
DataStax Enterprise 5.0 Installer-Services and package installations /etc/dse/cassandra/cassandra-topology.properties
DataStax Enterprise 5.0 Installer-No Services and tarball installations install_location/resources/cassandra/conf/cassandra-topology.properties
Cassandra package installations /etc/cassandra/cassandra-topology.properties
Cassandra tarball installations install_location/conf/cassandra-topology.properties