Updating the replication factor 

Increasing the replication factor increases the total number of copies of keyspace data stored in a Cassandra cluster.

Increasing the replication factor increases the total number of copies of keyspace data stored in a Cassandra cluster. For more information about replication, see Data replication.

When you change the replication factor of a keyspace, you affect each node that the keyspaces replicates to (or no longer replicates to). Follow this procedure to prepare all affected nodes for this change.

Procedure

  1. Update a keyspace in the cluster and change its replication strategy options.
    cqlsh> ALTER KEYSPACE system_auth WITH REPLICATION =
      {'class' : 'NetworkTopologyStrategy', 'dc1' : 3, 'dc2' : 2};

    Or if using SimpleStrategy:

    cqlsh> ALTER KEYSPACE "Excalibur" WITH REPLICATION =
      { 'class' : 'SimpleStrategy', 'replication_factor' : 3 };
  2. On each affected node, run nodetool repair with the -full option.
  3. Wait until repair completes on a node, then move to the next node.
    For more about replication strategy options, see Changing keyspace replication strategy

What's next

Changing the replication factor of the system_auth keyspace 

If you are using security features, it is particularly important to increase the replication factor of the system_auth keyspace from the default (1) because you will not be able to log into the cluster if the node with the lone replica goes down. It is recommended to set the replication factor for the system_auth keyspace equal to the number of nodes in each data center.

Restricting replication for a keyspace 

The example above shows how to configure a keyspace to create different numbers of replicas on different data centers. In some cases, you may want to prevent the keyspace from sending replicas to particular data centers — or restrict a keyspace to just one data center.

To do this, use ALTER KEYSPACE to configure the keyspace to use NetworkTopologyStrategy, as shown above. You can prevent the keyspace from sending replicas to a specific datacenter by setting its replication factor to 0 (zero). For example:
cqlsh> ALTER KEYSPACE keyspace1 WITH REPLICATION =
  {'class' : 'NetworkTopologyStrategy', 'dc1' : 0, 'dc2' : 3, 'dc3' : 0 };

This command configures keyspace1 to create replicas only on dc2. The data centers dc1 and dc3 receive no replicas from tables in keyspace1.