SAI quick start

Follow the steps to get started quickly with Storage-Attached Indexing (SAI).

To get started with Storage-Attached Indexing (SAI), create a keyspace and a simple table in your DataStax Astra or DataStax Enterprise (DSE) database. Enter a few CREATE CUSTOM INDEX .. USING 'StorageAttachedIndex' DDL commands on the table columns, load some data, and submit queries to try the features in your development environment.

The examples in this quick start topic show SAI indexes with non-partition key columns. See the next topic, Examine SAI column index and query rules, for examples that include indexing based on a single column from a composite partition key.

Tip: DataStax Astra cloud users: if you haven't already, follow the preliminary steps in the Astra documentation to create and launch your Astra database. In those steps, you'll specify a keyspace. In the Astra UI, open the CQL Console and enter the sample commands from this SAI quick start, using your keyspace name instead of cycling.

Another option is to see the Better Botz sample and its SAI indexing examples in the Astra documentation.

The Astra CQL Console with the cqlsh prompt:

DataStax Astra CQL Console's initial screen with cqlsh started

Create a keyspace

In cqlsh, define the cycling keyspace to try the commands in a test environment. (Astra users – skip this step.) Example:
CREATE KEYSPACE IF NOT EXISTS cycling
WITH replication = {
  'class' : 'NetworkTopologyStrategy',
  'Cassandra' : '1'
};

Create a database table

Create a cyclist_semi_pro database table in the cycling keyspace or the keyspace name of your choice. Example:
CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS cycling.cyclist_semi_pro (
  id int, 
  firstname text, 
  lastname text, 
  age int, 
  affiliation text,
  country text,
  registration date,
  PRIMARY KEY (id));

Create a few SAI indexes on the database table

Create secondary indexes on columns with SAI on the cyclist_semi_pro table. Examples:
CREATE CUSTOM INDEX lastname_sai_idx ON cycling.cyclist_semi_pro (lastname) 
USING 'StorageAttachedIndex' 
WITH OPTIONS = {'case_sensitive': false, 'normalize': true }; 

CREATE CUSTOM INDEX age_sai_idx ON cycling.cyclist_semi_pro (age) 
USING 'StorageAttachedIndex';

CREATE CUSTOM INDEX country_sai_idx ON cycling.cyclist_semi_pro (country) 
USING 'StorageAttachedIndex'
WITH OPTIONS = {'case_sensitive': false, 'normalize': true }; 

CREATE CUSTOM INDEX registration_sai_idx ON cycling.cyclist_semi_pro (registration) 
USING 'StorageAttachedIndex'; 

Let's take a look at the DDL:
DESCRIBE TABLE cycling.cyclist_semi_pro;
CREATE TABLE cycling.cyclist_semi_pro (
    id int PRIMARY KEY,
    affiliation text,
    age int,
    country text,
    firstname text,
    lastname text,
    registration date
) WITH additional_write_policy = '99PERCENTILE'
    AND bloom_filter_fp_chance = 0.01
    AND caching = {'keys': 'ALL', 'rows_per_partition': 'NONE'}
    AND comment = ''
    AND compaction = {'class': 'org.apache.cassandra.db.compaction.SizeTieredCompactionStrategy', 'max_threshold': '32', 'min_threshold': '4'}
    AND compression = {'chunk_length_in_kb': '64', 'class': 'org.apache.cassandra.io.compress.LZ4Compressor'}
    AND crc_check_chance = 1.0
    AND default_time_to_live = 0
    AND gc_grace_seconds = 864000
    AND max_index_interval = 2048
    AND memtable_flush_period_in_ms = 0
    AND min_index_interval = 128
    AND nodesync = {'enabled': 'true', 'incremental': 'true'}
    AND read_repair = 'BLOCKING'
    AND speculative_retry = '99PERCENTILE';
CREATE CUSTOM INDEX registration_sai_idx ON cycling.cyclist_semi_pro (registration) USING 'StorageAttachedIndex';
CREATE CUSTOM INDEX country_sai_idx ON cycling.cyclist_semi_pro (country) USING 'StorageAttachedIndex' WITH OPTIONS = {'normalize': 'true', 'case_sensitive': 'false'};
CREATE CUSTOM INDEX age_sai_idx ON cycling.cyclist_semi_pro (age) USING 'StorageAttachedIndex';
CREATE CUSTOM INDEX lastname_sai_idx ON cycling.cyclist_semi_pro (lastname) USING 'StorageAttachedIndex' WITH OPTIONS = {'normalize': 'true', 'case_sensitive': 'false'};

Add data to your table

Use CQLSH INSERT commands to add some data to the cyclist_semi_pro database table.
Tip: Adding data in this quick start topic shows simple INSERT commands. To load databases with many rows, consider using DataStax Bulk Loader for Apache Cassandra.

Examples:

INSERT INTO cycling.cyclist_semi_pro (id, firstname, lastname, age, affiliation, country, registration) VALUES (1, 'Carlos', 'Perotti', 22, 'Recco Club', 'ITA', '2020-01-12'); 
INSERT INTO cycling.cyclist_semi_pro (id, firstname, lastname, age, affiliation, country, registration) VALUES (2, 'Giovani', 'Pasi', 19, 'Venezia Velocità', 'ITA', '2016-05-15'); 
INSERT INTO cycling.cyclist_semi_pro (id, firstname, lastname, age, affiliation, country, registration) VALUES (3, 'Frances', 'Giardello', 24, 'Menaggio Campioni', 'ITA', '2018-07-29'); 
INSERT INTO cycling.cyclist_semi_pro (id, firstname, lastname, age, affiliation, country, registration) VALUES (4, 'Mark', 'Pastore', 19, 'Portofino Ciclisti', 'ITA', '2017-06-16'); 
INSERT INTO cycling.cyclist_semi_pro (id, firstname, lastname, age, affiliation, country, registration) VALUES (5, 'Irene', 'Cantona', 24, 'Como Velocità', 'ITA', '2012-07-22'); 
INSERT INTO cycling.cyclist_semi_pro (id, firstname, lastname, age, affiliation, country, registration) VALUES (6, 'Hugo', 'Herrera', 23, 'Bellagio Ciclisti', 'ITA', '2004-02-12');
INSERT INTO cycling.cyclist_semi_pro (id, firstname, lastname, age, affiliation, country, registration) VALUES (7, 'Marcel', 'Silva', 21, 'Paris Cyclistes', 'FRA', '2018-04-28'); 
INSERT INTO cycling.cyclist_semi_pro (id, firstname, lastname, age, affiliation, country, registration) VALUES (8, 'Theo', 'Bernat', 19, 'Nice Cavaliers', 'FRA', '2007-05-15'); 
INSERT INTO cycling.cyclist_semi_pro (id, firstname, lastname, age, affiliation, country, registration) VALUES (9, 'Richie', 'Draxler', 24, 'Normandy Club', 'FRA', '2011-02-26'); 
INSERT INTO cycling.cyclist_semi_pro (id, firstname, lastname, age, affiliation, country, registration) VALUES (10, 'Agnes', 'Cavani', 22, 'Chamonix Hauteurs', 'FRA', '2020-01-02'); 
INSERT INTO cycling.cyclist_semi_pro (id, firstname, lastname, age, affiliation, country, registration) VALUES (11, 'Pablo', 'Verratti', 19, 'Chamonix Hauteurs', 'FRA', '2006-05-15'); 
INSERT INTO cycling.cyclist_semi_pro (id, firstname, lastname, age, affiliation, country, registration) VALUES (12, 'Charles', 'Eppinger', 24, 'Chamonix Hauteurs', 'FRA', '2018-07-29'); 
INSERT INTO cycling.cyclist_semi_pro (id, firstname, lastname, age, affiliation, country, registration) VALUES (13, 'Stanley', 'Trout', 30, 'Bolder Boulder', 'USA', '2016-02-12'); 
INSERT INTO cycling.cyclist_semi_pro (id, firstname, lastname, age, affiliation, country, registration) VALUES (14, 'Juan', 'Perez', 31, 'Rutgers Alumni Riders', 'USA', '2017-06-16'); 
INSERT INTO cycling.cyclist_semi_pro (id, firstname, lastname, age, affiliation, country, registration) VALUES (15, 'Thomas', 'Fulton', 27, 'Exeter Academy', 'USA', '2012-12-15'); 
INSERT INTO cycling.cyclist_semi_pro (id, firstname, lastname, age, affiliation, country, registration) VALUES (16, 'Jenny', 'Hamler', 28, 'CU Alums Crankworkz', 'USA', '2012-07-22'); 
INSERT INTO cycling.cyclist_semi_pro (id, firstname, lastname, age, affiliation, country, registration) VALUES (17, 'Alice', 'McCaffrey', 26, 'Pennan Power', 'GBR', '2020-02-12'); 
INSERT INTO cycling.cyclist_semi_pro (id, firstname, lastname, age, affiliation, country, registration) VALUES (18, 'Nicholas', 'Burrow', 26, 'Aberdeen Association', 'GBR', '2016-02-12'); 
INSERT INTO cycling.cyclist_semi_pro (id, firstname, lastname, age, affiliation, country, registration) VALUES (19, 'Tyler', 'Higgins', 24, 'Highclere Agents', 'GBR', '2019-07-31'); 
INSERT INTO cycling.cyclist_semi_pro (id, firstname, lastname, age, affiliation, country, registration) VALUES (20, 'Leslie', 'Boyd', 18, 'London Cyclists', 'GBR', '2012-12-15'); 

Submit CQL queries

Use the CQLSH SELECT command to submit queries.
Tip: The supported query operators for tables with SAI indexes:
  • Numerics: =, <, >, <=, >=, AND
  • Strings: =, CONTAINS, CONTAINS key, CONTAINS VALUES, AND

Not supported: LIKE, IN, OR

Find a specific semi-pro cyclist:

SELECT * FROM cycling.cyclist_semi_pro WHERE lastname = 'Eppinger';
 id | affiliation       | age | country | firstname | lastname | registration
----+-------------------+-----+---------+-----------+----------+--------------
 12 | Chamonix Hauteurs |  24 |     FRA |   Charles | Eppinger |   2018-07-29

(1 rows)

Find semi-pro cyclists whose age is less than or equal to 23:

SELECT * FROM cycling.cyclist_semi_pro WHERE age <= 23;
 id | affiliation        | age | country | firstname | lastname | registration
----+--------------------+-----+---------+-----------+----------+--------------
 10 |  Chamonix Hauteurs |  22 |     FRA |     Agnes |   Cavani |   2020-01-02
 11 |  Chamonix Hauteurs |  19 |     FRA |     Pablo | Verratti |   2006-05-15
  1 |         Recco Club |  22 |     ITA |    Carlos |  Perotti |   2020-01-12
  8 |     Nice Cavaliers |  19 |     FRA |      Theo |   Bernat |   2007-05-15
  2 |   Venezia Velocità |  19 |     ITA |   Giovani |     Pasi |   2016-05-15
  4 | Portofino Ciclisti |  19 |     ITA |      Mark |  Pastore |   2017-06-16
 20 |    London Cyclists |  18 |     GBR |    Leslie |     Boyd |   2012-12-15
  7 |    Paris Cyclistes |  21 |     FRA |    Marcel |    Silva |   2018-04-28
  6 |  Bellagio Ciclisti |  23 |     ITA |      Hugo |  Herrera |   2004-02-12

(9 rows)

Find semi-pro cyclists from Great Britain:

SELECT * FROM cycling.cyclist_semi_pro WHERE country = 'GBR';
 id | affiliation          | age | country | firstname | lastname  | registration
----+----------------------+-----+---------+-----------+-----------+--------------
 19 |     Highclere Agents |  24 |     GBR |     Tyler |   Higgins |   2019-07-31
 18 | Aberdeen Association |  26 |     GBR |  Nicholas |    Burrow |   2016-02-12
 20 |      London Cyclists |  18 |     GBR |    Leslie |      Boyd |   2012-12-15
 17 |         Pennan Power |  26 |     GBR |     Alice | McCaffrey |   2020-02-12

(4 rows)

Find semi-pro cyclists who registered between a given date range:

SELECT * FROM cycling.cyclist_semi_pro WHERE registration > '2010-01-01' AND registration < '2015-12-31' LIMIT 10;
 id | affiliation         | age | country | firstname | lastname | registration
----+---------------------+-----+---------+-----------+----------+--------------
  5 |       Como Velocità |  24 |     ITA |     Irene |  Cantona |   2012-07-22
 16 | CU Alums Crankworkz |  28 |     USA |     Jenny |   Hamler |   2012-07-22
 15 |      Exeter Academy |  27 |     USA |    Thomas |   Fulton |   2012-12-15
 20 |     London Cyclists |  18 |     GBR |    Leslie |     Boyd |   2012-12-15
  9 |       Normandy Club |  24 |     FRA |    Richie |  Draxler |   2011-02-26

(5 rows)

Removing an SAI index

To remove an SAI index, use DROP INDEX.

Example:

DROP INDEX IF EXISTS cycling.age_sai_idx;

What's next?

The next topic examines column index and query rules, plus collection maps.