Upgrade SSTables

Run this operation when the server version is upgraded or when changing compression options. If the SSTables are already on the current version, the command returns immediately and no action is taken. To run the nodetool upgradesstables operation, modify and submit the CassandraTask custom resource definition to the Data Plane Kubernetes cluster where the datacenter is deployed.

Mission Control detects the upgradesstables CassandraTask custom resource definition (CRD), iterates one rack at a time, and triggers and monitors upgrade operations one pod at a time. Mission Control reports task progress and status.

Performance impact

During an SSTable upgrade, additional disk pressure occurs while all SSTables are rewritten to the correct format (if required). Read performance improves upon completion of the SSTable format upgrade.

Upgrade SSTables

Decide to upgrade SSTables in one or multiple datacenters (DCs), or all datacenters. You have granular control over choosing target datacenters and their assigned rack.

Choose User Interface (UI) or Command Line Interface (CLI) steps.

  • UI - one/multiple DCs

  • UI - all DCs

  • CLI

  1. Access Mission Control’s UI.

  2. In the Home Clusters dialog, click the target cluster namespace.

  3. In the Nodes section of the Overview tab:

    1. Click the row checkbox for your target datacenter.

    2. Click the overflow menu icon (3 dots) on your target datacenter.

    3. Click Upgrade sstables.

    4. To upgrade SSTables in more than one datacenter, repeat substeps a, b, and c for each target datacenter.

The SSTables upgrade starts immediately.

To view notifications from the upgrade operation, see Monitor SSTables upgrade activity status.

  1. Access Mission Control’s UI.

  2. In the Home Clusters dialog, click the target cluster namespace.

  3. In the Nodes section of the Overview tab, click the Name checkbox. This selects all datacenter row checkboxes.

  4. Click Bulk Actions.

  5. In the Bulk Actions dialog:

    1. Make sure that the Action type is Upgrade sstables.

    2. Make sure that All is your target datacenter selection.

      In the Racks field, All is the default and only selection.

    3. Click Run.

The SSTable upgrade activity starts immediately.

To review upgrade operation notifications, see Monitor SSTables upgrade activity status.

This example uses a single datacenter deployed in the Data Plane Kubernetes cluster. Adjust the YAML file as needed for the number of datacenters and racks in your deployment.

  1. Access Mission Control’s CLI.

  2. Modify the demo.cassandratask.yaml file to define an upgradesstables CassandraTask.

    Here is a sample:

    apiVersion: control.k8ssandra.io/v1alpha1
    kind: CassandraTask
    metadata:
      name: upgradesstables-dc1
    spec:
      datacenter:
        name: dc1
        namespace: demo
      jobs:
        - name: upgradesstables-dc1
          command: upgradesstables
          args:
            keyspace_name: my_keyspace

    Key options:

    • metadata.name: a unique identifier within the Kubernetes namespace where the task is submitted. While the name can be any value, consider including the cluster name to prevent collision with other options.

    • spec.datacenter: a unique namespace and name combination used to determine which datacenter to target with this operation.

    • spec.jobs[0].command: MUST be upgradesstables for this operation.

    • Optional: spec.jobs[0].args.keyspace_name: restricts this operation to a particular keyspace. Omitting this value results in ALL keyspaces being updated. By default all keyspaces are rebuilt.

  3. Submit the upgradesstables CassandraTask custom resource definition to the Kubernetes cluster where the Data Plane and the specified datacenter are deployed with this command:

    kubectl apply -f demo-dse.casssandratask.yaml -n mission-control

    Use the -n flag to indicate the Kubernetes namespace, which MUST be mission-control.

Monitor SSTables upgrade activity status

  • UI

  • CLI

  1. Access Mission Control’s UI.

  2. In the main navigation, click Activities.

  3. See Status notifications regarding the progress of the SSTables upgrade activity.

    A status of SUCCESS indicates the upgrade operation completed without issue. Timestamps are issued for the Start and End of the upgrade activity.

The Activities pane refreshes often and automatically.

  1. Access Mission Control’s CLI.

  2. Monitor the SSTables upgrade progress:

    kubectl get cassandratask upgradesstables-dc1 | yq .status
    Sample results
    ...
    status:
      completionTime: "2022-10-20T18:07:08Z"
      conditions:
      - lastTransitionTime: "2022-10-20T18:06:57Z"
        status: "True"
        type: Running
      - lastTransitionTime: "2022-10-20T18:07:08Z"
        status: "True"
        type: Complete
      startTime: "2022-10-20T18:06:57Z"
      succeeded: 3

    Mission Control sets the startTime field prior to starting the upgradesstables operation. It updates the completionTime field as the upgradesstables operation completes.

    The sample output indicates that the task is completed with the type: Complete status condition set to True. The succeeded: 3 field indicates that three (3) nodes (or pods) completed the requested task successfully. A failed field tracks a running count of pods that failed the upgradesstables operation.

Was this helpful?

Give Feedback

How can we improve the documentation?

© 2024 DataStax | Privacy policy | Terms of use

Apache, Apache Cassandra, Cassandra, Apache Tomcat, Tomcat, Apache Lucene, Apache Solr, Apache Hadoop, Hadoop, Apache Pulsar, Pulsar, Apache Spark, Spark, Apache TinkerPop, TinkerPop, Apache Kafka and Kafka are either registered trademarks or trademarks of the Apache Software Foundation or its subsidiaries in Canada, the United States and/or other countries. Kubernetes is the registered trademark of the Linux Foundation.

General Inquiries: +1 (650) 389-6000, info@datastax.com